Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Making Your Own Spats

Today, we begin getting into the crafting process.  With my White Queen adaptation, as I mentioned before, I try to think about what are some of the key elements in a costume to adapt, and begin working from those first.  In this adaptation, one of the core visual elements are the thigh-high white boots of the original White Queen costume.

In Steampunk, this can be expressed two ways.  One is to keep actual boots as part of the ensemble - either actual white thigh-high ones, such as those made by Pleaser and available on Amazon or eBay, or to do something more Victorian such as a lower heeled, lace-up boot like these at Wild West Mercantile.  Boots are perfectly steampunk, and there are an amazing number of options available, thanks to the internet.

However, if you're on a tighter budget or just want to really customize the look, you can also accomplish the thigh-high white boot look by making spats instead.  This is probably the easiest sewing project of all those I've done for the outfit, and a great way to slowly dip your toes into sewing fitted garments.  (Though in fairness, the cloak might be the easiest sewing element.)  So - how to make spats!  Thanks in advance to Phineas and Hera von Hedwig of the Steampunk Family for quite literally teaching me everything I know about making spats.

The first step is to get yourself some newspaper and some duct tape.  Ideally, a willing partner makes this a lot easier, too.  The best fitting spats patterns - especially ones going halfway up your thighs - are going to be those custom fitted to your body, as they'll fit best and stay up better than something you can buy online.  Also, most of the white spats I've found online are astonishingly poor quality, so I'd avoid those.

What you want to do is to wrap the newspaper around one leg, wearing the shoes you plan to use with your outfit.  This is important, as your legs will change shape if you're wearing heels or flats, etc - so make sure you've got on either the shoes you will be wearing, or something at least about the same height.  Hold the newspaper around your legs (you can work a section at a time if that's easier), and then have your buddy take the duct tape and start taping it to you, fitting it to your leg.  I find starting at the top, at the widest point of your leg, is probably the easiest and then working your way down.  You don't have to cover your entire leg in duct tape - at the very least, you'll want to get the highest/widest part of your leg, above and below the knee, and then around the ankle and foot top/toe area.  Taped in?  Great!

The next step is to have your fitting buddy take a Sharpie (or other marker of your choice) and draw three lines on the duct tape/newspaper combo.
- One down the front of the leg, from the top all the way down to the toes
- One down the back of the leg, directly opposite of the front seam you just drew
- One on the outside of the leg, probably about an inch towards the back rather than directly on the side - though this is up to you.  This will be your side (and the opening of the spats), so you'll probably be sewing some sort of buttons or decoration to it - which is why I recommend pushing it about an inch or so back, so the buttons can go on the side.

All done?  Great!  Now either have your buddy cut you out using EMT scissors, or you can slide the pattern off (CAREFULLY) and cut it with regular scissors once it's off.  EMT scissors work because they're designed not to cut skin and so you don't have to worry about getting stabbed with pointy things.

Next step - cut along the seam lines you have traced.  This should leave you with three spats sections - inside leg, front outside leg, back outside leg.  I then take these and trace them onto brown tracing paper (like you can get here), though if you don't have any you can also use either buck-a-yard muslin or even paper grocery bags you open up and lay flat.  Now, take each pattern piece you made, and trace them onto the paper or fabric you're using to make the pattern.  After that, trace a *second* line around each of these at 5/8" (or whatever you use for your sewing seam allowance).  For those new to sewing, the seam allowance is the amount of extra fabric you cut to sew together when you're assembling your garment - it's very important, because if you do not add a seam allowance then everything will be too small to fit you!  Also on the opening side, you may want to add about an inch or so extra, especially if you're sewing in buttons and button holes.

So now you have three paper or fabric pattern pieces.  I recommend labeling these, so you know which fits where.  Now to the actual sewing.

You'll want two fabrics for your spats - some sort of heavy duty cotton or canvas for the actual spats, and then a lining.  I definitely recommend felt for the lining, as it's cheap and can take a lot of abuse - and also, it helps cling to your leg a bit better, especially if you wear stockings or nylons underneath your spats.  For the outside, I like cotton twill - it breathes well and washes easily.

Once you've selected your fabrics, cut 2 of each piece from both fabrics - making sure you're either cutting folded fabric or reversing your pattern pieces for the second set, so that you're getting a left and a right spat and not just two right or left ones.  Then you assemble each spat - leaving you with a left and right outer fabric, and a left and right lining piece.

Match right sides for each spat, lining and cover, and then sew the edges closed, leaving either the bottom of the spat open or a gap somewhere.  When you finish, turn each spat inside out, press the unfinished edges into each other with an iron, and sew these close with a straight stitch.  This should give you two completed spats!

Now on to the fasteners/closures.  You have a few choices here - the simplest I've found, especially with the thigh-high spats, is to use velcro.  It makes the spats easy to put on and take off, and won't be visible since it's sewn inside the closure.  I then sew decorative buttons to the outside to give a good look to the spats, but use the velcro to get in and out of them.  Your other alternative is to actually sew the buttons and button-holes, the buttons being sewn to the back outside panel and the button holes being sewn to the front outside panel.  These are arguably more authentic and slightly better looking (if someone's getting that close to your legs), but definitely make putting them on trickier.

The final step, after buttons or velcro are sewn, is to attach a shoe strap - you can use some of the leftover fabric from the spats, or a strip of leather if you have it.  Just sew this on the bottom of each spat, so that it connects under your shoe and holds the spat over your foot.  If you wear your spats a lot, you may need to replace these as they will wear out (and get dirty) over time.

And voila!  You now have a tall pair of thigh high (or knee high, if you prefer) spats to wear with your outfit.

(Pictures to follow later.  Thanks!)

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